From 3D to 2D
|Experimentalist's way||Theoretician's way|
In 2004 physicists from University of Manchester and Institute for Microelectronics Technology, Chernogolovka, Russia, found a way to isolate individual graphene planes by peeling them off from graphite with Scotch tape. They also measured electronic properties of the obtained flakes and showed their fantastic quality. In 2005 the same Manchester group together with researchers from the Columbia University demonstrated that quasiparticles in graphene were massless Dirac fermions. These discoveries led to the explosion of interest in graphene. Graphene produced by exfoliation is presently one of the most expensive materials on Earth, with a sample that can be placed at the cross section of a human hair costing more than $1,000 as of April 2008 (about $100,000,000/cm2). On the other hand, the price of epitaxial graphene on SiC is dominated by the silicon carbide substrate price which is approximately $100/cm2 as of 2009. This is about 1,000,000 times cheaper than exfoliated graphene. Even cheaper graphene produced by transfer from Ni. Korean researchers reported 20" graphene wafers.
|Take a graphite geometry of any kind. Do not care about AB stacking, just increase the spacing between the layers to infinity. Size matters, the bigger, the better.
|Do you still think it is cheap and easy?||This is cheap and easy.|